The Legend of Petra
Hi everyone, it’s Katrina number 10: the legend of Petra.
The ancient city of Petra in Jordan is one of the most recognizable archaeological sites in the world.
Yet despite its Fame, not many people know the true story behind the discovery of the city.
Not only that, very few people understand just how complex the history of Petra truly is.
The City of Petra was constructed in the 4th Century Bc to be the capital of the mighty desert dwelling civilization known as the Nabataeans.
They control the trading routes in Arabia, which means they controlled everything moving through the region.
Their hands were in everything, so you can imagine that made them pretty powerful.
Some of their most exotic items included frankincense and myrrh.
They built other great cities throughout the Arabian Desert and strategically aligned themselves with the Romans, but then everything went terribly for them.
The Romans decided they didn’t like the competition and took over the nabitaian’s operation.
The orig, original civilization that built Petra, was forced out into the desert, where they gradually went extinct.
Over time, their great city of stone became nothing but a deserted ruin.
The dilapidated remains of Petra were found completely by accident when Swiss Explorer Johan Ludwig came across it in the early 19th century.
Johann was an obsessive explorer who was desperate to discover lost places never seen before by Western eyes in Arabia.
He went so far as to purchase a house in Aleppo, Syria, and he even learned Arabic so that he would have an easier time traveling through the region.
He completed Journeys throughout Syria, Lebanon and Palestine, and as he traveled from Nazareth to Cairo, he heard of a mysterious ruin from some local mountain people.
As it turned out, that ruin just so happened to be the Lost City of Petra.
However, Johann couldn’t stop to admire the ruins.
He had to continue on to Cairo and sadly, he died shortly after from distant Harry at the young age of 32.
The Amphitheater of Cirica
The amphitheater of Certica.
Ever since 1919, locals in the ancient city of Surdica suspected there was a Roman Amphitheater buried somewhere underneath the town.
This was because a stone plate was found depicting a brutal fight between Gladiators and wild animals.
It was discovered near what’s now the Council of ministers in Bulgaria.
The plate showcased Gladiators fighting crocodiles, Bulls, big cats and even Bears.
Archaeologists believed the plate was likely above the entrance to an Amphitheater that once hosted Gladiator battles.
However, nobody ever found the physical remains of the amphitheater itself.
That’ll change, though, in 2004, when The Accidental Discovery was made, nearly 100 years after the original plate was found, construction workers came across the ruins of the amphitheater of Certica.
They were building a hotel in the modern city of Sofia, Bulgaria.
When they on uncovered parts of the Arena, it was workers with the National Electric Company who were behind the biggest part of the find, revealing the Eastern entrance and a huge part of the amphitheater underneath the hotel as it was being built.
Amazingly, the amphitheater was able to be incorporated into the ground floor of the Hotel.
This structure is an excellent example of Roman Arenas built at the farthest reaches of the Empire.
It was constructed around the 4th Century AD and was built on the bones of an earlier theater that was created 200 years earlier.
It remained in use until about the 5th Century AD, when it was completely abandoned.
Researchers say it was likely the biggest arena in the eastern part of the Roman Empire and possibly one of the only ones to host fights between Gladiators and wild animals.
And now for number eight, but first it’s shout out time.
I want to give a big thank you to Stacy Waghorn and firewolves for supporting this channel.
Ancient Bones in Miami
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Number eight: ancient bones in Miami.
There was a recent project in Miami to build three massive Towers.
One of them was a luxury skyscraper that stood 75 stories tall.
Unfortunately for the Related Group- the ones behind the construction of the tower- the proposed sight for the structure has a much earlier history.
During the beginning phases of construction, evidence was discovered of an early indigenous civilization from 7 000 years ago.
The group had to briefly delay their development plans while archaeologists were called in to assess the situation.
Archaeologist William Pastel from the University of Miami says this was a time in history when the first cities in Mesopotamia were emerging.
The discoveries made in Miami are legitimately old, with human remains that were found six feet underground.
The historic preservation planner, Adrian Espinosa Baldor, says the remains may have been buried there intentionally as part of a ceremony.
Archaeologists believe the remains could belong to someone from the ancient Tequesta civilization.
These were the people who lived at the mouth of the Miami River thousands of years ago.
They dominated the Everglades and the rest of the area before suddenly disappearing.
Unfortunately, the little evidence of their activity that’s left is buried underneath modern Miami, and if this luxury Tower goes up, even more of their history will be lost.
The City of the Monkey God
Number seven: the city of the monkey God.
According to ancient legend, the White City was a great Metropolis deep within the Honduran jungle.
It was dedicated to a monkey deity that was worshiped by the ancient people who thrived here.
Scientists first stumbled upon the remains in 2015, almost a century after the city was first identified.
American Explorer Theodore Moore supposedly came across thousands of items in the jungle during an expedition to La Mosquita, a region in Honduras.
Theodore heard Tales From locals that somewhere in the jungle was a giant statue of a monkey god.
He never did find the Statue, but Theodore walked out of the Jungle with a small collection of treasure.
Ever since, other explorers have been attempting to Rediscover the city.
One of those people is David Elkins, a man who also happens to be a filmmaker.
He started searching for it in the 1990s, when his interest was sparked after he came across a rock carving deep in the isolated Forest.
He and a group of fellow adventurers were way up in the mountains after taking a canoe upriver.
They were days away from civilization when they found a boulder with a Petroglyph on it.
However, this was in an area of forest so thick the Explorers could barely see 10 feet in front of them.
The Petroglyph was obvious evidence of a civilization that once lived in the area, but they just couldn’t find it.
The Accidental discovery of the Petroglyph motivated David to keep looking and finally, in 2015, he and the team revealed an area that they say could be the lost city.
They found broken pieces of clay and stone that may have once been homes.
They haven’t uncovered the great statue of the monkey God or any marvelous palaces yet, but they think the remains of the White City are here, somewhere buried under the jungle.
Number – six accidental tombs.
Egyptian archaeologists recently discovered almost 300 Rock Cut tombs completely by accident.
It was a routine survey that turned out way better than anyone had anticipated.
Researchers were at the Al Hamidiya Necropolis Near Sohog when they came across tombs that nobody had ever noticed before.
Over 250 tombs, many of them dating back over 4 000 years, were found carved into the side of a mountain.
The graves appear to have belonged to the common people.
They range from between 2200 Bc and 30 BC, but each tomb is incredibly small compared to Royal tombs found elsewhere in Egypt.
These could have been used for burying mice.
The tombs are little more than cubby holes carved by hand into the Rock, just big enough that someone’s physical remains could be stuffed inside and then sealed behind a stone doorway.
Archaeologists also found funerary objects within some of the tombs.
They uncovered objects such as metal mirrors, human bones, of course, Alabaster pots and small votive Miniatures.
The rest of the Necropolis was used for burying public leaders and City officials from Akmem and ancient administrative Center in Egypt.
Our commune was home to the more obscure Cult of Min people, who fervently worshiped the Desert god of fertility.
Viking Burial Pit
, number five: the Ridgeway Hill Viking burial pit.
In September of 2008, archaeologists from Oxford University were called in to help with the construction of a new road project in England.
The archaeologists had to excavate land along the route of a proposed relief Road, a project that would cost nearly 100 million dollars.
It was supposed to improve access to the Weymouth area of Dorset before the 2012 Summer Olympics.
The project had a ton of controversy from the start.
This was a legally protected area of outstanding natural beauty, meaning it wasn’t somewhere a road should have been placed.
Archaeologists were called in to make sure there wasn’t anything historical that the builders might destroy.
They didn’t have a problem destroying the Region’s natural beauty, but ancient skeletons was another story.
Entirely much to everyone’s surprise, it turned out to be an archaeological Marvel.
Researchers unexpectedly revealed a mass grave of 54 Viking skeletons.
These were Viking men who were executed by Anglo-Saxons over 1 000 years ago.
It’s now called the Ridgeway Hill Viking burial pit, one of the most important sites in England.
The dismembered skeletons are physical proof of a group of Vikings captured during a failed raid into Anglo-Saxon territory.
Not all Vikings were successful when they showed up with their boats to pillage.
This group was captured and many of them had their heads chopped off.
Then afterward their bodies were dumped in a pit.
How would you feel if your town was raided by Vikings?
Let me know in the comments.
Number four: unimaginable treasure.
In the ancient Greek city of Thessaloniki, located on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea city, workers recently began construction on some Metro facilities.
However, as they were doing that, they accidentally uncovered a dash of unimaginable Treasures.
They found artifacts from multiple periods in the ancient City’s history.
They believe the underground Metro lines up perfectly with the primary Highway that ran through the region during Roman rule thousands of years ago.
The Primary Road was called a decumanos and at once cut through the bulk of Thessaloniki.
Most of the ancient city is built on the bones of much older structures.
Buildings from the 15th century were constructed over the remains of Hellenistic structures which were built over Roman ruins.
Archaeologists discovered evidence of an ancient hypocost system: mosaics, a paved Road, Byzantine shops and over 300 000 artifacts.
You heard that right, three hundred thousand.
And all because of some work on the Underground Metro.
Many of the artifacts date back to the 4th Century Bc.
They were Unearthed through just six of the main stations in the city.
When the other six stations also go through the same construction work, chances are another 300 000 artifacts will be discovered.
Banwell bone caves
Number three: Banwell bone caves.
The Banwell cave system in North Somerset, England, was discovered by accident.
When miners broke through the surface in 1757, they were shocked to fight a huge pit in the earth that was 787 feet long and 246 feet deep East.
A lactite cave- the first of many they discovered- is so massive there is a lake inside one of its Chambers.
But that’s not even the most exciting part.
The cave was found completely by accident, then was opened up to the public as an attempt to make some money.
In 1824, when workers tried to dig a horizontal passage to make the cave more accessible, they found yet another underground Treasure Trove.
The second cave they uncovered was called the Banwell bone cave, which was 328 feet long and 66 feet deep.
Inside the dark and clammy depths of the cave is an unbelievable assortment of bones.
When the workers accidentally expose the cavern, they were shocked to find the skeletal remains of bear, Ox, bison and reindeer.
Oddly enough, nobody had any idea where these remains came from.
It was a huge mystery until archaeologists were able to date the mammal remains to the place to scene era roughly 80 000 years ago.
Researchers believe the cave was used as a pitfall trap by an ancient race of Hominin.
Perhaps the Neanderthals, the Primitive people, would have driven animals in the direction of the cave.
Some of them would have fallen into the pit and died, and afterward the hunters would have climbed down inside the cavern in order to scavenge the meat.
Pretty clever Huh, who wants to explore some caves?
Jerusalem City Walls
Number two: Jerusalem’s City walls.
A man named abir Nasi was beating on his concrete wall with a sledgehammer, trying to clear out an area so that he could install a safe.
A beer was the proprietor of an art gallery in the old city of Jerusalem.
As he smashed away at the wall, the modern concrete broke away and crumpled.
However, he then struck something that wouldn’t break when he cleared away the rubble, a beer realized he was staring at a solid white stone that stood two feet tall and was about three feet wide.
He broke through the wall of his art gallery and revealed a much older wall that once protected the city of Jerusalem three thousand years ago.
For years, the gallery owner had no idea that on the other side of his wall was the original City wall of Jerusalem, and it had been there since the days of the biblical King Solomon.
The wall that originally surrounded the city of Jerusalem was destroyed during The Siege led by the mighty king of Babylon, Neville.
This happened around 587 Bc, an event so crucial it was even discussed in the Bible.
The ruins found behind the art gallery were almost certainly the remains of the original wall, not the one that was rebuilt by the Ottoman Empire two thousand years later in 1537..
Number one ancient trash.
Archaeologists have discovered a very rare collection of printed Fabrics from the days when the Silk Road brought goods from Asia into Europe.
However, the discovery wasn’t made in the conventional sense.
The extremely valuable Fabrics were found in a trash Heap in an Israeli garbage dump.
The fabric dates back to the early Islamic period and was almost certainly imported from India or China along the Silk Road.
The networks rushed all the way from the deepest recesses of China, weaving its way across Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kurdistan and every other Nation on the way to Rome.
These Fabrics some how wound up in Israel 1 300 years ago, where they eventually made their way into an ancient garbage dump.
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